Organic Tomato Farming
You will almost certainly find that organic tomatoes fetch 10% – 30% higher of a price than conventional tomatoes do. This is a big incentive for any farmer to switch to organic farming of tomatoes. You might be surprised to know this, but tomatoes are one of the highest pesticide sprayed vegetables in the world. Hence, growing organic tomatoes gives farmers the satisfaction of knowing that they are not using harmful chemicals that are damaging the environment to grow their crops.
However, what concerns farmers is that normally, organic food production is a little less than the amount they can grow through conventional food production methods. Hence, will the organic tomato production in their farm be as much as the chemically grown produce? The answer to this question is yes, but only if efficient organic tomato farming techniques are employed. If that happens, then the production will be comparable to that of chemically grown tomatoes. So, how do farmers who wish to grow organic tomatoes ensure efficient production? Or for that matter, even if you wish to grow organic tomatoes in your organic garden, how can you go about doing it?
How to Grow Organic Tomatoes
The most important considerations while growing organic tomatoes include the variety selection, crop rotation, soil fertility, pest control, and weed control. These considerations are applicable for organic tomato gardening as well.
Variety of Tomatoes: If you are a farmer intending to sell the tomatoes, then your variety selection should be governed by the market demand. However, if you want to grow it for your own consumption, then the nutritional value of the tomatoes becomes more important. You should also take into consideration the resistance to diseases offered by various varieties of tomatoes. Finally, you don’t want a tomato that has high nutritional value but easily succumbs to natural diseases. Suitability to the climatic conditions and the production technique should also be considered. Thus, the type of seeds you select for your organic tomato crop is very important.
Crop Rotation: We all know how important crop rotation is in organic farming. For efficient organic tomato production, you should rotate tomatoes with non-solanaceae crops. The Solanaceae group of plants includes tobacco, morning glory, potatoes, peppers, and tomatoes. Therefore, don’t rotate tobacco, morning glory, potatoes, or other solanaceae plants with tomatoes.
Soil Fertility: Maintain a fertile soil by regularly adding organic matter to it. If you have been practicing organic farming on your land for many years, then your soil has a good nutrient content. Just ensure that you are rotating tomatoes with legumes once every few years so that the soil remains rich in nitrogen. You can also add compost, barnyard manures, and poultry litter to further enrich the soil.
Pest Control: It has been observed that organic tomato plants have fewer pest and insect problems than conventional chemically grown tomato plants. Moreover, if you practice proper crop rotation, the life cycle of insects and pests is broken, so you have a smaller pest menace. Trap crops are also effective in controlling pests. An example of a trap crop is sweet corn. Sweet corn attracts tomato fruit worms and thus protects your tomato crop when inter-planted with it. Wouldn’t it be a good idea to grow three to four plants of sweet corn in your home garden to keep the tomato plants safe from the fruit worm?