Monsoon is not Luck creator now

Monsoon

In these six and a half decades of independence, the country is intermittent, it raises the question that if there was any way of monsoon year, what will happen?

The country is trying to prove it by telling a Krisiprdhan economy that over a period of four months between June and September the monsoon rains caused volatility in the slightest, and grain for our economic growth will Titk we depend abroad will be.

This year's monsoon season is round passage. It is estimated that this year's monsoon rainfall is expected to decrease by 11 per cent. But do not make such promises or drought have led to famine in that country. Or a reduction in grain production, leading to starvation circumstances. The government is also entirely about Ast and planners also believe that there is a problem. So, it should be considered that our agriculture is the monsoon broke up? Now monsoon fluctuations are not in a position to affect our economy and therefore need not be afraid of monsoon predictions were those attached to, which is quite a sensation?

Roughly a brief answer to these questions in the affirmative can be given. In this context, 2009 is the most recent example. The monsoon was the worst. Poor monsoon drought was declared in the country based on its fear of showing Chinese and other grains prices were rising. The truth was that poor kharif crop and offset-class ward, was assassinated by one per cent increase in the overall country's crop production was also recorded. Moreover, the country's economic growth rate had no impact on the variation in agriculture. It proves that the country has reached a stage where the monsoon rain season there may be pleasant, but it will not have major impact on our economy of shuffling.

The question whether in fact a Ketiprdhan economy has reached the stage that we declare an end to their relationship with the monsoon? We reach this conclusion may not be perfect, but it is true that the monsoon in almost apprehensive before the elements are not. The reasons are many. The first of these is that the share of agriculture in our GDP has been significantly reduced. In 1950, the GDP share of agriculture was 52 per cent, which was reduced to 29.5 per cent in 1990. It is now down to 13-14 per cent longer. In such a decline in grain production due to drought year even if its impact on GDP will be less than one per cent. The fact is also that country's industry, businesses and the service sector (service sector) share in GDP has increased quite dramatically. Therefore, even if the factories and banks or transport sector strike and put a greater impact on the economy, but the lack of monsoon rains will be ineffectual.

The second important question is if the shortfall in monsoon rains have reduced food production, famine and starvation finally will deal with the country? The answer lies in two-three factors. First, the public distribution system (PDS) and the operation of schemes like NREGA have been unable to reach because of poor grain and they are in position to buy corn for their livelihood. Starvation in some parts of the country is still on the dangerous situation is not 1960 anymore. As far as the reduction in cereal production is likely to decline the question, then the easiest way to deal with it is that you need from anywhere in the world, according to the country could buy grain. Today, India is one of the world's top economies. Its GDP has exceeded two trillion dollar mark, the foreign exchange reserves of $ 300 billion in deposits. Million tonnes a year in which we have to import wheat from abroad at a higher price, then the government will not have the burden of more than three billion dollars. However, because we do not have enough grain in the warehouses where the problem exists, it is to prevent rotting.

However, a twist that even today 40 per cent of cultivated land dependent on monsoon year is reported. As such it is likely that El Nino occurs frequently or less like any other local cause of the monsoon crop year could prove to be destroyed. This is a fact that most of the grain-producing north Indian states of Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Bihar, etc. There are other options for irrigation. It has reduced their dependence on monsoon.

First came to rely on canals which irrigate the fields rain and dry conditions were dry himself. But since 1960, through tube wells which were irrigated fields monsoon usually does not affect. Today the problem is only in areas where irrigation is not used tools such as the tubewells and canals and the farmer totally dependent on the monsoon. One side of the tube irrigation also gradually depleting groundwater in several areas which lack the critical situation in the monsoon will reach. The non-traditional choices and to work on the irrigation needs, such as river-linking schemes implemented so that the country could not drying in the absence of a farm irrigation. An area of ​​such schemes is the need of the country in which the water collected from the floods in areas where it needs to be transported.

Even in the worst monsoon rains 400-500 mm are only. During the monsoon increased the volume reaches 2,000 mm. The amount of water from the monsoon year our total requirements of irrigation and drinking water is several times higher than. Such as rainfall in villages, only 14-15 per cent if it is collected in ponds, tanks, drinking water from the irrigation to all the needs can be met.

A simple way of reducing its dependence on the monsoon the country to encourage rainwater harvesting. Village and city to conserve water in every home, according to the conditions of storage should be working. Every house in the village on a farm dedicated to the conservation of water can arrange water locally. Rain water tanks and wells to survive and to keep them constantly recharge is needed. Cities need water from nearby rivers instead of water conservation mechanisms need to connect the water supply throughout the year by collecting the rainwater could. On roofs to collect rainwater in cities can be arranged. Such arrangements are widespread, so neither El Nino nor irrigation and drinking water crisis of fear troubles remain.

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